D/conferences/wtdc//pdf/ /espanol/ bvinegi/productos/encuestas/especiales/endutih//endutihpdf. Encuesta Nacional de la Situación Nutricional en Colombia productos/ encuestas/especiales/endutih//ENDUTIHpdf. (, November 17). watch?v=L2f/cmjbqpA Hundley, H., & Shyles, L. (). y Uso de Tecnologías de la Información en los Hogares (ENDUTIH)

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Complexity in the Adoption of Technology in Tourism Services : Journal of Intercultural Management

Even in privileged territories, as for example the one corresponding to the municipality of Zapopan the wealthiest of the municipalities in Jalisco and one of the 20110 developed in the national contextthe differences are considerable.

Thus, education expresses its relationship with digital connectivity and it proves that the population segments with the highest educational levels are more present on the World Wide Web and, consequently, they are the ones that would be, in principle, in a position of less enutih.

Digital inequality, analyzed in terms of access and connectivity, is now the object of concern in the world of both the academia and public management. In any event, efforts to expand digital connectivity, dndutih therefore, uses and applications of ICT allover the world are in progress, particularly in those countries with lower development indicators.

This was done with aim of finding out if even in the intra-municipal level it is possible to speak of digital divides associated with education access levels. Connectivity, human development and education levels The analysis presented here is made up of three sections, all of them tending to explore the importance of the educational factor as a variable that is associated with differential access to ICT among the population of the state of Jalisco, and consequently with its digital connectivity levels.

As it has been pointed out, the paradoxes or contradictions are ever-present in the contexts that emerge with the spread and adoption of ICT. For example, the percentage of population with post-basic education in the municipality of Ameca is 10 points lower than in the state average.

Therefore, we are in the presence of an intra-municipal digital divide See Table 3. These same disparities are reflected in the access between rural and urban population or between population groups in terms of gender or age.

In fact, connectivity has become a development indicator praised by both national and international agencies International Telecommunications Union -ITU, ; World Bank, Issue 3 First Online: Sign in to annotate. The five states of Mexico with the greatest proportion of mobile telephony users practically double in their percentages the four entities with the least user proportion.

Complexity in the Adoption of Technology in Tourism Services

Impact of the adoption of information and communications technology at endytih performance of companies. The country is in endhtih need of tuning its ICT access indices to those of the societies with the highest development. To this end, we selected ten per cent of the AGEBs within each municipality that declared to have greater Internet access upper decile and it was compared with the ten per cent of the AGEBs, within the same municipality, which declares to have the least access lower decile.


These municipalities were selected following a key criterion: For example, it is recurrent to find in the biannual reports by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development OECDthe so-called Communications Outlooka description of the traits and conditions under which the Mexican sector develops as adjusted to the most precarious standards among the select group of countries that enudtih up the organization. Almost fifteen years after the la original United Nations declaration and more than a decade 20010 the Tunis Conference the results revealed by the evaluations are contrasting.

These variables were considered in the 14 municipalities that were taken as sample twelve with the presence of universities plus two additional ones and in the two deciles of the AGEBs with the most and the least access to the Web included in the study.

So then, when it comes to digital and communication gaps, it is necessary to consider more specific realities that illustrate how overall percentages do not manage to capture the reality prevailing in each region. Most certainly, the figures have changed to date, but we believe that it is very likely for the general tendencies to have left traces. The Case of Travel Search Engines. Int J AdvManuf Technol, 53 1— Institute of Network Cultures.

One of the most striking changes is found in the field of cellular telephony, whose growth shows an upward line that means that in over 50 per cent of the households declared they have mobile or cellular telephony service and more than 86 per cent of the homes have mobile and endutkh telephony.

Borghino, M Innovar o morir. In ebdutih same sense, while the average number of households with a computer in Jalisco was 36 per every one hundred, in Zapopan it rocketed to 54 of every one hundred, in Villa Corona it reached On the other hand, if we analyze the behavior of the educational variable taking into account only the population 15 years or older with a maximum schooling degree equivalent to middle school that is, a lower degree of schooling it is possible to observe the following tendencies: The pattern, with its nuances, is repeated all over the fourteen municipalities under study see Table 3.

An empirical investigation on the effects of e-word-of-mouth to hotel online bookings.

The social orography of communication generally finds its correlate with the conditions of socioeconomic development of countries and regions. Inequality is also reflected in the access to communication technologies through regional, gender, age and educational level indicators Arredondo, a. That is, it multiplied almost seven-fold. Estudios y Perspectivasen Turismo, 15 4— The spread of ICT, in almost all its manifestations, has been, to say the least, impressive all over the world but the backwardness and differences in terms of access and use between the most favored social contexts and the traditionally marginalized ones continue to be present on the horizon.


On the other hand, the expansion of paid television showed a considerable increase when it almost quadrupled the percentage of homes with access to this service.

Even taking into consideration the reasonable methodological doubts, it is clear that conditions for accessing ICT in the Mexican context, though they are inserted in an expanding market, also show contrasts or undeniable inequalities when compared with the situation both outside and within the national territory.

When including the first decade of this century, those tendencies were easy to identify in Jalisco. The most recent report shows a panorama in which, logically, the first spots correspond to societies with the highest degree of development: Among the main goals of the Summit, it was established that it was necessary to reduce or bridge the digital gap that prevails between the most and the least developed countries as well as within all the countries, as a way to guarantee access to information and knowledge.

These were the most remarkable movements on the subject of ICT during the first fifteen years of this century in Mexico. Let us take for example, the municipality of Lagos de Moreno, where access to a computer in a household is over eight times greater between the upper and the lower decile, while Internet access is 30 times greater in the privileged sectors than in the most marginalized.

National Survey on Availability and Use of Information Technologies in Households (ENDUTIH)

The information that derives from the census exercise reveals that the gaps are 2001 only apparent inter-municipally, but also intra-municipally. The telecommunications sector in Mexico is the 11 th in terms of its size at the OECD with approximate incomes nearing Still very far away from the original goal. Mexico and Turkey tend to rival on the lower scale of the indicators that reveal the achievements on the subject of ICT-related activities OECD, The development objectives established by the United Nations in this sector were expressed in the World Summit on the Information Society held in the Geneva and Tunis Conferences.