Loading data.. Open Bottom Panel. Go to previous Content Download this Content Share this Content Add This Content to Favorites Go to next Content. ← →. Get this from a library! Albucasis on surgery and instruments;. [Abū al-Qāsim Khalaf ibn ʻAbbās al-Zahrāwī; Gustave E. von Grunebaum Center for Near Eastern. , English, Arabic, Book, Illustrated edition: Albucasis on surgery and instruments: a definitive edition of the Arabic text with English translation and.
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Catalog Record: Albucasis on surgery and instruments | Hathi Trust Digital Library
Al-Zahrawi traveled rarely, and spent most of his life in his hometown as a practicing physician-pharmacist-surgeon. After a long and distinguished medical career, he died in AD at the age of It was a summation of about fifty years of medical education, training, practice and experience.
The thirty volumes of the medical encyclopedia covered various aspects of medical knowledge. In addition to sections surtery medicine and surgery, there were sections on midwifery, pharmacology, therapeutics, dietitics, psychotherapy, weighs and measures, and medical chemistry.
Albucasis: A Landmark for Arabic and European Surgery
In Al-Tasreefthree chapters were devoted to surgery. Some of the procedures and techniques detailed in these chapters include the following:. Al Zahrawi is considered the father of operative surgery. He introduced over surgical tools, a staggering number by all standards. He gave detailed descriptions of for using probes, surgical knives, scalples, and hooks. He also devised and invented surgical scissors, grasping forceps and obstetrical forceps.
His illustrations of surgical instruments were the earliest intended for use in teaching and in methods of manufacturing them. Al Zahrawi contributed early descriptions of neurosurgical diagnoses and treatment including management of head injuries, skull fractures, spinal injuries and dislocations, hydrocephalus, subdural effusions, headache albucasiss many other conditions.
In addition, he made significant contributions to pediatric surgery. In addition to his description of hydrocephalus, he described harelip, adenoids, ranula, imperforated external urinary meatus, perforated anus, hermaphrodites, gynecomastia, supernumerary and webbed fingers.
His medical writings were highly regarded in the West particularly after being translated by Gerard of Cremona, Rogerius Frugardi, Ronaldus Parmensis and others. His surgical teachings were the most advanced in the Middle Ages until the thirteenth century. Al-Tasreef was an essential component of the medical curriculum in European countries for many centuries. Several editions of this book surgical chapters were published including one at Veniceat Basel and at Oxford Finally, he emphasized child education and behavior, school curriculum and academic specialization.
He advised that gifted and intelligent students be encouraged to study medicine after completing their primary education in language, grammar, mathematics, astronomy and philosophy. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Journal List Ann Saudi Med v.
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Correspondence and reprint requests: Box DhahranSaudi Arabia, T: This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Some of the procedures and techniques detailed in these chapters include the following: Surgery of the eye, ear, and throat. He fully de scribed tonsillectomy and tracheostomy.
He described the exposure and division of the temporal artery to relieve certain types of headaches. He utilized cauterization, usually to treat skin tumors or open abscesses. He applied cauterization procedure to as many as 50 different operations.
Application of ligature for bleeding vessels and internal stitching utilizing catgut. He preceded the famous Albucasid military surgeon Ambroise Pare —claimed to be the first European to utilize sutures, by five centuries.
Albucasis: A Landmark for Arabic and European Surgery | Muslim Heritage
Setting dislocated bones and fractures. His method for setting and reducing a dislocated shoulder was centuries before Kocher introduced his similar technique to European medicine. Removal of urinary bladder instrumdnts. He advised that the treating physician has to insert a finger into the rectum of the patient, move the stone down to the neck of the bladder, then make an incision in the rectal wall or the perineum and remove the stone.
Open in a separate window. Dictionary of Scientific Biography. El Zahrawi ADthe father of operative surgery. Ann Usrgery Coll Surg Engl.